Do I have to pay Zakat on my stocks and shares?
If you own stock in a company (or shares as they are called) then to determine their liability for Zakat you should look at the investment strategy you are using.
- If you are using them for a long term investment (something you plan to hold for a year or more) then you will pay Zakat on the dividends distributed by those stocks (shares) when paid, if they are more than Nisab.
- If you are an active trader, or have an active portfolio in a mutual fund, then you will pay Zakat yearly on the market value of the stock (share) or the portfolio, as well as the dividends.
- If you sell these stocks (shares) during the year, you will add the amount received from sale to your liquid assets and pay Zakat according to general rules of Zakat.
This is the method prescribed the Fiqh Academy of the OIC and is generally prescribed by most scholars who are specialists in the field.